Nowadays, telescopic forks have become the basic configuration equipment for all kinds of cargo handling. In the 80s of last century, telescopic forks were only used in the automotive industry, and the stroke was small, the deflection was large, and manual control was the mainstay.
With the development of science and technology, telescopic forks have become safe and reliable precision mechanical equipment. Telescopic forks basically consist of fork bodies and sliding units. The latter is driven by rack and pinion or chain, and in most cases, telescopic forks are moved by a combination of systems. Cam bearings, plain units, shock absorption units, and power units. The propeller shaft and position control unit are other basic components of telescopic forks. Telescopic forks can take the following forms:
- Single fork
- Double fork
The single fork is driven by a single motor with a wide upper fork surface to ensure a stable load. Suitable for low load and high turnaround conditions.
The double fork structure consists of two forks, connected by propeller shafts. The fork spacing can be adjusted according to needs.
The bifurcation structure can be applied to many fields, but it is mainly used in automated warehouses to handle pallets.
The multi-fork structure consists of multiple forks, connected by a set of transmission mechanisms, driven by one or more motors, and multiple forks can move simultaneously or alternately. Multi-forked structures are mainly used in the steel industry.